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Women's suffrage in Asia

In India, Sarojini Naidu headed a deputation of the Women's India Association, which met with the British viceroy to demand the vote in 1919. The Indian National Congress supported woman suffrage. In 1950, soon after Indian independence, women were granted the vote.

Ichiwaka Fusae and other women activists established Fusen Kakutou Domei ("Women's Suffrage League") in 1924 in Japan. They succeeded in gaining the right to organize and attend political meetings, from which they had previously been barred. In the 1920s one of the two major political parties supported woman suffrage. The Japanese military took control of the country in the 1930s and quashed all democratic movements, including the movement for woman suffrage. After the Allied nations defeated Japan in 1945, Japanese feminists and women staff officers of the Allied Occupation cooperated in proposing that the new Japanese constitution should enfranchise women. They hoped that women would use the ballot to make the Japanese nation less warlike, and that women would raise their children to believe in peace and democracy.

In the Philippines, women was allowed to vote in 1937. This was during the Commonwealth period under the American rule. However, several Filipinas have been actively engaging in networking with other women sufraggists from all over the world. For instance, Clemencia Lopez delivered a speech at the annual meeting of the New England Woman Suffrage Association on May 29, 1902. Other notable Filipina suffragists are Concepcion Felix de Calderon who formed the Asociacion Feminista Filipina in June 1905, Rosa Sevilla de Alvero and a young Trinidad Almeda, Miss Constancia Poblete, founder of Liga Femenina de la Paz, Pura Villanueva Kalaw and Paz Mendoza Guazon, Pilar Hidalgo Lim, President of the National Federation of Women’s Clubs and Josefa Llanes Escoda, president of the Girl Scouts of the Philippines. Province-based women were represented by Maria C. Manzano of Pangasinan.

In China woman suffrage was granted only after establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

Sources:
E
ncyclopedia Americana 
Women of the Philippines by Clemencia Lopez
Mabuhay ang Filipina! Mabuhay ang Kalayaan! A Celebration of Herstory: Women in Legislation, Women in Politics

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