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Research papers, case studies, situationers and other documents on Nepalese women, their rights and their involvement in politics, governance and decision-making

Status of Nepali women (2004)
The 2001 census report reveals women to be far behind the males in terms of education, employment, in decision making positions, in land ownerships, business etc. Women still have no control over economic and physical resources and lagging behind in terms of political power. The outlook of society towards women has not been changed to the desired extent. They are still suffering from economic crisis. They are still subjected to rape, trafficking and various kinds of domestic violence. They have no access to health and the domestic workloads are still on the shoulders of women. Download the document from our server.

Women's Rights Situation in Nepal (2000)
According to the 1991 census, the female literacy rate is 26 percent, compared with 57 percent for men.  Perhaps one factor is that girls attend secondary schools at a rate half that of boys. That's based on a report filed by human rights groups in Nepal. Although, there are many NGO's focused on integrating women into society and the economy, there still a need to elevate women's consciousness specifically on their political and human rights, Read more about the situation of women in Nepal in this 2000 report by the US State Department. BACK TO TOP

Political Situation of Women in Nepal (2000)
If one looks into the political history of Nepal one realizes that women have been actively involved in the movements of restoring democracy in 1950 as well as in 1990. They were involved at various levels and at times were sent behind the bars for being involved. This short situationer gives us relevant figures in the Nepalese involvement in politics and decision-making.

Women in Nepal (2000)
Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country with more than 50 spoken languages and cultural traditions. For analytical purposes they have often been classified into two broad groups, the Tibeto-Burman, populating mostly the midhills and mountains, and the Indo-Aryan, living in the Terai Gangetic plains and the midhills. Women from the Tibeto-Burman communities are socially less constrained than their Indo-Aryan sisters in terms of mobility, marriage/remarriage options, and, most importantly, income-earning opportunities. In the Indo-Aryan groups, traditionally, women have fewer social and economic options. Social discrimination against women is felt to be more severe in the Terai communities and in the Mid- and Far-Western Development regions in general. Download the document. BACK TO TOP

Facts and Figures About Nepalese Women's Involvement in Power and Decision-Making (2000)
This web page features the following information: distribution of participation of women in economic activities by region; distribution of work participation of women in economic activity; major indicators of women in Nepal; economic opportunities; and political opportunities.

Involving Youth and Women in the Electoral Process: The Nepal Experience (1997)
According to Uma Adhikari, President of Rural Women's Development Center, Nepalese women are discriminated upon when it comes to political participation and their votes are being taken for granted. At the grassroots level of village development committees' elections women constituted only 8% of the total membership. Women belonging to backward classes and ethnic minorities have even less representation -- amounting to only 1.2%. In this 1997 speech of Ms. Adhikari she gave several recommendations to change this situation. BACK TO TOP

Women in Politics in Nepal: Their socioeconomic, health, legal and political constraints
Studies carried out by domestic as also external research organizations prove that women representation in the political decision-making process is low in Nepal, be it an autocratic or democratic polity. Apart from political order, there are various socioeconomic and cultural elements responsible for such a disheartening phenomenon. The study makes an attempt, with the limitations of the primary sources of information, to explore the general socioeconomic, health, legal and political problems of women politicians in the kingdom. The study report also identifies the general socioeconomic constraints, as considered by the respondents, that have created hurdles on their participation in the political process in Nepal. It also makes recommendations to meet these problems.

To get a copy write to:
Center for Consolidation of Democracy at GPO Box 979, Kathmandu, Nepal or contact them at these phone numbers:
Tel Phone 977-1-242508
Fax 977-1-242148

Women Participation in Politics at local level – A study of Kathmandu Metropolitan City
The study was carried out in Kathmandu Metropolitan City. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the role of elected women ward representatives in politics at local level. Local women ward representatives were interviewed and asked about their political roles as ward representatives, their commitments, kind of support from family, issues of social problems faced by women and their views on legal provision, provision of reservation for women, seats for the women, women role in politics are included in the study report.

For a copy of the study write to Documentation and Resource Center for Women's Studies (

A Case Study of PCRW Program: Personal Empowerment for Women
Institute for Integrated Development Studies (IIDS) carried out a case study of a village in Tanahu where the Ministry of Local Development/Women Development Division is implementing the Production Credit for Rural Women (PCRW) program. The case study, entitled Women Change, Whose Reality? The Intra-household Dynamics of PCRW Program in Gunadi Village, covers one of these districts, Tanahu, which also enjoys the distinction of being the first district to implement the program. The case study explored to implement the program on the livelihood system of the women members and its contribution towards the empowerment process of women at the individual level in a village called Gunadi. It looked different perspectives, namely economic, social and political.

To have a copy of the case study, contact:
Institute for Integrated Development Studies (IIDS)
PO Box 2254, Purano Baneshore, Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel. Phone: 977-1-478930/477019
Fax: 977-1-470831